There are approximately 265 million individuals in the United States under age 65 in 2009. Using the 2010 March Current Population Survey (CPS) data, the employee benefits research institute provides the insurance coverage breakdowns.
- Employer-sponsored group plan: 156.1 million (59.0 percent)
- Insurance bought directly from insurer on individual market: 16.7 million (6.3 percent)
- Medicaid: 44.1 million (16.7 percent)
- Medicare: 7.3 million (2.8 percent)
- Tricare/CHAMPVA: 8.3 million (3.1 percent)
- No Health Insurance: 50.0 (18.9 percent)
Employer-based coverage has dropped from 65.9 percent in 2000 to 55.8 percent in 2009 for children and from 69.3 percent to 60.2 percent for adults under 65. The advent of CHIP has meant that many more children are now covered by Medicaid (33.8 percent today versus 20.9 percent in 2000) and the uninsurance rate has dropped over the last 10 years from 11.3 percent to 10.0 percent. Medicaid enrollment for adults has also increased, from 6.4 percent of adults to 9.9 percent of adults today. Uninsurance rates, however, have also grown for adults: from 17.2 percent in 2000 to 22.4 in 2009.
- Employee Benefit Research Institute “Sources of Health Insurance and Characteristics of the Uninsured: Analysis of the March 2010 Current Population Survey” EBRI Issue Brief #347, September 2010.