Pennsylvania, through the Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4), has been a pioneer in developing performance grades on Coronary Artery Bypass Craft Surgery for health care providers and posting them online. Although PHC4 has published Pennsylvania’s Guide to Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery since the early 1990s, these documents were paper documents and potentially difficult to access. In 1998, the CABG report cards first appeared online.
- Shin-Yi Chou, Mary E. Deily, Suhui Li, Yi Lu. Competition and the impact of online hospital report cards. Journal of Health Economics, vol 34, March 2014, pages 42-58.