What do you need to do to win a Nobel Prize these days? Simple, just figure out a way to shut down individual genes in the body. This is what Andrew Fire and Craig Mello–the 2006 Nobel Prize winners in Medicine–achieved in order to merit the award. Their technique holds the possibility of new therapies for macular degeneration, HIV, cancer and other diseases. For more information regarding their research, look at the Monday L.A. Times (“2 share Nobel for Method to Silence Specific Genes“).